ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:27 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | تبصرہ کریں

The Seraiki people (also Saraiki people) are an ethnic group from the south-western areas of Pakistani Punjab. There is less dispute over whether the Seraiki language is a separate language or a Punjabi dialect.

The Seraikis are based in the former Princely state of Bahawalpur, Multan, Lodhran, Khanewal, Rajanpur, D G Khan, MuzafarGarh, Layah, Bhakkar, Mianwali, D I Khan, Khushab,Sargodha and Jhang, though they live in surrounding areas of Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and North West Frontier Province. The Serakis maintain that they have a separate language and culture, whilst some Punjabis view Seraiki as merely a dialect of Punjabi.

A Seraiki campaign grew in the 1960’s with the aims of establishing language rights and stopping what was seen as exploitation and repression by the traditionally Punjabi dominated government. Seraiki land has always been very fertile, producing much of Pakistan’s wheat and cotton. However little money has been invested back, thus leading to impoverishment and underdevelopment.

The campaign continued on into the 1970’s, by which time political activists had drawn up a map of a proposed Seraikistan region, including most of southern Punjab and Dera Ismail Khan in the North West Frontier Province (note that this excluded Sindhi and Baloch areas, possibly because of strong nationalist movements in those regions).

In 1977 General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq took power in a coup of Pakistan. Under his strongly centralist rule the Seraiki movement went underground.

General Zia died in a plane crash in 1988 and the Seraiki movement re-emerged. By now the aims were to have a Seraiki nationality recognised, to have official documents printed in Seraiki, a Seraiki regiment in the army, employment quotas and more Seraiki language radio and television.The Seraiki movement has suffered from being Punjab-based in a country in which Punjabis dominate the army and government (REFERENCES????).

In 1993 moves were made to settle Biharis (Indian Muslims who had moved to East Pakistan (Bangladesh) in Seraiki areas. This was resisted by the Seraikis and the plan was eventually shelved. Seraikies claim that they are not merely an ethnic group but a nation.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seraiki_people"

Siraiki (also known as Seraiki, Multani and Western Punjabi)

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:25 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 1 تبصرہ

Siraiki (also known as Seraiki, Multani and Western Punjabi) is a language or dialect mostly spoken in the provinces of Sindh and the Punjab in central Pakistan by about 14,000,000 people, as well as by about 20,000 people in India, and an immigrant population in the United Kingdom.

The origin word of the word Siraiki is uncertain. Proposed etymologies include it being derived from a Sindhi word meaning "north”, and from a Sanskrit word meaning "sun”.

Classification

Siraiki is part of a dialect continuum with Punjabi and Sindhi, and is considered by some to be a dialect of Punjabi.

Siraiki, Punjabi and Sindhi are members of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European family.

[edit]

Geographic distribution

Siraiki is widely spoken and understood as a second language in northern and western Sindh down to the suburbs of Karachi and in the Kachhi plain of Balochistan. It is also known as Derawali in Derajat area.

[edit]

Phonology

[edit]

Vowels

Siraiki has three short vowels, seven long vowels and six nasal vowels.

[edit]

Consonants

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop Voiceless p pʰ   t̪ t̪ʰ t tʰ     k kʰ ʔ
Voiced b bʰ   d̪ d̪ʰ d dʰ     ɡ ɡʰ  
Affricate Voiceless           tʃ tʃʰ    
Voiced           dʒ dʒʰ    
Implosive ɓ     ɗ   ʄ ɠ  
Nasal m mʰ     n nʰ ɳ ɲ ŋ  
Fricative Voiceless   f   s   ʃ x h
Voiced   v   z   ʒ ɣ  
Trill       r rʰ        
Flap         ɽ ɽʰ      
Lateral       l lʰ        
Semivowel           j    

[edit]

Writing system

Siraiki is written in a variant of the Arabic alphabet. Very few Siraiki speakers are literate in their own language, however, although some may be able to write other languages.

[edit]

Bibliography

  • Ahsan, Wagha (1990). The Siraiki Language: Its Growth and Development. Islamabad: Dderawar Publications.
  • Gardezi, Hassan N. (1996). Siraiki Language and its poetics: An Introduction. London: Sangat Publishers.
  • Shackle, Christopher (1976). The Siraiki Language of Central Pakistan: A Reference Grammar. London: School of Oriental and African Studies.
  • Shackle, Christopher (1977). "Siariki: A Language Movement in Pakistan”. Modern Asian Studies 11 (3): 279–403.

SARAIKI: a language of Pakistan

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:23 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 2 تبصرے

The following is the entry for this language as it appeared in the 14th edition (2000).
It has been superseded by the corresponding entry in the 15th edition (2005).

SIL code: SKR

ISO 639-2: inc

Population 15,000,000 to 30,000,000 in Pakistan (1998), 9.8% of the population. Population total all countries 15,059,000 to 30,000,000.

Also spoken in:

India
Language name SARAIKI

sariaki music on www.thal.com.pk/

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:02 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 24 تبصرے

We are working to add Seraiki Music section on the website so you will be able to listen to Seraiki music. The complete poetry of Khaja Ghulam Farid is also being uploaded to the website. Please let us know your suggestions in

forums on www.thal.com.pk

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:01 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 17 تبصرے

Share your opinion on the Seraiki movement or let us your know your feedback on the website. The forum section is open to any discussion relating to Seraiki language & culture.

Seraiki Moterland

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 9:56 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 2 تبصرے

Seraiki wasaib (culture) is the proud inheritor of Indus Valley Civilization. Seraiki is an Indo-Arian language. Seraikis have their unique culture i.e. psyche, food habits, folk dances, music, poetry, idioms, dresses and way of living. In the span of long history many invaders from Central Asia and Iran conquered and settled here, but the rich Seraiki culture absorbed them altogether.

Seraiki is the mother-tongue of more than 40 million people in the south-western Pakistani Punjab. In the following districts Seraikis are in large majority: Mianwali, Taank, Dera Ismail Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan Rajan Pur, Rahim Yarn Khan, Bahawalpur, Bahawal Nagar, Vehari, Khanewal, Multan, Muzaffar garh, Layyah, Bakhar, Jhang, Khushab and Sargodha.

More than 10 million Pakhtoon and Baloch tribes are bilingual and most of them use Seraiki as their first language. Seraiki is widely spoken and understood in some parts of Sindh province and is the third biggest language of Balochistan. There is a large number of Seraiki speaking people in India and other parts of the world.

Its nomenclature (Seraiki) has been given by Sindhi brothers as Punjab or Punjabi given by the Iranians. The modern movement of revival of the Seraiki language and culture is only 40 year old. In this short period, Seraiki wasaib produced printed literature (novels, short stories, poetry books, periodicals, news papers, booklets etc.), a large number of poets and lok singers. Two Seraiki T.V. channels Kook and Waseb are on air and more to be launched soon. Seraiki Departments have been established in universities in Multan and Bahawalpur. Several cultural organizations are proactive in the vast Seraiki wasaib organizing ‘mushairas’ and public meetings. Seraiki is also on the web and more than a dozen Seraiki websites are online including

Hello world!

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 9:44 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 6 تبصرے

Welcome to WordPress.com. This is your first post. Edit or delete it and start blogging!

« پچھلا صفحہ

Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com.
Entries and تبصرے feeds.