جے کر دين علم وچ ہوندا، سرنيزے کيوں چڑھدے ہو

ستمبر 5, 2006 وقت 7:35 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 1 تبصرہ

جے کر دين علم وچ ہوندا، سرنيزے کيوں چڑھدے ہو
اٹھاراں ہزار جو عالم آيا، اگے حسين as.gif دے مردے ہو
جے کر من دے بيعت رسولي pbuh.gif ، پانی کيوں بند کردے ہو
عاشق جہڑے صادف باہو، سرفربانی کردے ہو

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poetry of Khuwaja Ghulam Farid

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:37 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | تبصرہ کریں

 

 

Posted By Syed Rizwan Abbas Naqvi.

sraiki poets

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:35 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 2 تبصرے
Classical poetry collection of great poets:

Khawaja Farid (1841-1901)
Click here to Read Kalam

Baba Farid (1173-1265)
Kalam is not available. coming soon…

Bulleh Shah (1680-1758)
Kalam is not available. coming soon…

Sultan Bahoo (1629-1690)
Kalam is not available. coming soon…

Shah Hussain (1539-1599)
Kalam is not available. coming soon…

Waris Shah (1722-1798)
Kalam is not available. coming soon…

Mian Muhammad (1830-1904)
Kalam is not available. coming soon…

saraiki research centre

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:34 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | تبصرہ کریں

Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan on 2.09.2000 by the Syndicate. The Center has undertaken four major projects at present. The Center hopes to serve the community, for whose benefit the university is committed and the region within which it is located, and provide a deeper understanding of its traditions, arts and crafts through the Saraiki Research Center. The Saraiki Research Center came into being after the university had considered different programs for the study of Pakistan, South Punjab and Multan [erstwhile division to Multan]. The name was chosen to give a wide range to the research activities of study within the Saraiki Research Center without extending its scope beyond the potential of the University. At present there are about 50% or more students and teachers within the University who can contribute to this ambitious project. The majority of teachers and students of the university are domiciled in the region (it is expected that this will always be trace for the B.Z.U) and, by involving them in questions and issues related to their environment and communities, it is hoped that the Center will facilitate and promote a sense of the relevance of the education the students are receiving. It should also serve to develop an atmosphere of research in various fields of study within the University.

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SARAIKI:writing style

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:31 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 1 تبصرہ

 

Features Of Saraiki Culture

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:30 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | تبصرہ کریں

Features Of Saraiki Culture

Features Of Saraiki

Saraiki language and culture bears the following main features, which existed side-by-side and interacted with each other in course of time.

Nomadic Culture: – As most part of the land is desert or semi-desert, people used to live a nomadic life. The remains of this culture can be witnessed in the Cholistan and Thal. Their language is more clean rich and prosaic. Most of the folklore has its root in these areas. Khawaja Ghulam Farid, a Sufi poet, depicts this culture in his beautiful poetry.

Riverine Culture: – From the early days of Indus valley civilization, Saraiki’s are intelligent farmers. They grow wheat, cotton, sugarcane, sesame, indigo and several other cash crops on well watered lands of Indus and its tributaries. They laboriously cut canals from the rivers to irrigate their lands. Saraiki language in this way is abound with its vocabulary about crops, seasons and farming tools, weight and measures.

Market Culture: – This land was not only self sufficient in farm produce but also exported its surplus to other countries. Market places developed in to towns and cities, where soldiers, business man, citizens and other classes began to live in more sophisticated manners. Trade and commerce progressed and the language developed its vocabulary about new occupations. Saraiki became a language of trade not only in this area but market towns and bazaars of Central Asia, Afghanistan, Baluchistan and Sindh.

Transporters: – As most of the market towns and cities of were on high banks of navigable rives, the trade goods were transported by means of large boats. This mode of transportation was in vogue till the British period from Kala Bagh in Mianwali District to the seaports of Thatta. The Indus and its tributaries served as highways and transport class called ‘Mohannas’ with their large fleets of boats transported goods and passengers between the towns and cities and to and from the ports of Arabian sea. Boat Construction industry also developed at Makhad, Kala Bagh and Sukkur. With the construction of railway and roads this mode of transport died out but the remains of these people are still existent.

Religion: – Three main regions Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam flourished and spread in the Saraiki speaking area. Hundreds of Aryans descended upon this area about 1700 BC and onwards. They were the worshippers of ‘Surya’ the Sun God. They settled here before their further migration to the Northern India. The first written religious text ‘Rig Veda’ was compiled here. Its verses are all about the people, land and rivers of the Saraiki area. When Alexander the great visited "Multan” he found a grand temple for the religion "Zoroastrainism” . The famous Sun temple of Multan with a statue of the sun god cast in pure gold remained a center of pilgrimage up to the time Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Buddhism flourished in this area about the end of fourth century B.C. and remained major religion of Saraiki area up to the beginning of 8th century A.D

Seraiki Literature

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:28 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 2 تبصرے

Seraiki Literature


It has been suggested that Siraiki Literature be merged into this article or section. (Discuss)

Seraiki literature is the literature if the Seraiki language (sometimes written as Siraiki) which is mostly spoken in central Pakistan. There are some 40 million people for whom it is their first language. Seraiki has a very rich tradition of oral literature but rather less of it was historically committed to writing.

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Poetry

Historically, the most celebrated poet in the Seraiki language is Khawaja Farid (1845 – 1901). His poems were written in a form of verse known as Kafi, a form rooted in a tradition of singing of poetry. Kafi should unite sound, imagery, feeling and subject matter. The following is an English translation of a few lines of one of Farid’s poems:

The beloved’s intense glances call for blood
The dark hair wildly flows The Kohl of the eyes is fiercely black
And slays the lovers with no excuse
My appearance in ruins, I sit and wait
While the beloved has settled in Malheer I feel the sting of the cruel dart
My heart the, abode of pain and grief A life of tears, I have led Farid

Of the contemporary poets, most notables are ‘Ashu Lal Faqir’, ‘ Rifat Abbas’ and ‘Shakir Shujabadi’. Their poetry is immensely popular in the Saraiki region of Pakistani Punjab including Multan, Bahawalpur, Dera Ghazi Khan and Rahim Yar Khan Regions.

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Novels

In the present day, Ismail Ahmedani is probably the most celebrated novelist and fiction writer. Ahmedani has done much to promote the Seraiki language as a language for modern fiction writing.

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:27 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | تبصرہ کریں

The Seraiki people (also Saraiki people) are an ethnic group from the south-western areas of Pakistani Punjab. There is less dispute over whether the Seraiki language is a separate language or a Punjabi dialect.

The Seraikis are based in the former Princely state of Bahawalpur, Multan, Lodhran, Khanewal, Rajanpur, D G Khan, MuzafarGarh, Layah, Bhakkar, Mianwali, D I Khan, Khushab,Sargodha and Jhang, though they live in surrounding areas of Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and North West Frontier Province. The Serakis maintain that they have a separate language and culture, whilst some Punjabis view Seraiki as merely a dialect of Punjabi.

A Seraiki campaign grew in the 1960’s with the aims of establishing language rights and stopping what was seen as exploitation and repression by the traditionally Punjabi dominated government. Seraiki land has always been very fertile, producing much of Pakistan’s wheat and cotton. However little money has been invested back, thus leading to impoverishment and underdevelopment.

The campaign continued on into the 1970’s, by which time political activists had drawn up a map of a proposed Seraikistan region, including most of southern Punjab and Dera Ismail Khan in the North West Frontier Province (note that this excluded Sindhi and Baloch areas, possibly because of strong nationalist movements in those regions).

In 1977 General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq took power in a coup of Pakistan. Under his strongly centralist rule the Seraiki movement went underground.

General Zia died in a plane crash in 1988 and the Seraiki movement re-emerged. By now the aims were to have a Seraiki nationality recognised, to have official documents printed in Seraiki, a Seraiki regiment in the army, employment quotas and more Seraiki language radio and television.The Seraiki movement has suffered from being Punjab-based in a country in which Punjabis dominate the army and government (REFERENCES????).

In 1993 moves were made to settle Biharis (Indian Muslims who had moved to East Pakistan (Bangladesh) in Seraiki areas. This was resisted by the Seraikis and the plan was eventually shelved. Seraikies claim that they are not merely an ethnic group but a nation.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seraiki_people"

Siraiki (also known as Seraiki, Multani and Western Punjabi)

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:25 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 1 تبصرہ

Siraiki (also known as Seraiki, Multani and Western Punjabi) is a language or dialect mostly spoken in the provinces of Sindh and the Punjab in central Pakistan by about 14,000,000 people, as well as by about 20,000 people in India, and an immigrant population in the United Kingdom.

The origin word of the word Siraiki is uncertain. Proposed etymologies include it being derived from a Sindhi word meaning "north”, and from a Sanskrit word meaning "sun”.

Classification

Siraiki is part of a dialect continuum with Punjabi and Sindhi, and is considered by some to be a dialect of Punjabi.

Siraiki, Punjabi and Sindhi are members of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European family.

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Geographic distribution

Siraiki is widely spoken and understood as a second language in northern and western Sindh down to the suburbs of Karachi and in the Kachhi plain of Balochistan. It is also known as Derawali in Derajat area.

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Phonology

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Vowels

Siraiki has three short vowels, seven long vowels and six nasal vowels.

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Consonants

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop Voiceless p pʰ   t̪ t̪ʰ t tʰ     k kʰ ʔ
Voiced b bʰ   d̪ d̪ʰ d dʰ     ɡ ɡʰ  
Affricate Voiceless           tʃ tʃʰ    
Voiced           dʒ dʒʰ    
Implosive ɓ     ɗ   ʄ ɠ  
Nasal m mʰ     n nʰ ɳ ɲ ŋ  
Fricative Voiceless   f   s   ʃ x h
Voiced   v   z   ʒ ɣ  
Trill       r rʰ        
Flap         ɽ ɽʰ      
Lateral       l lʰ        
Semivowel           j    

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Writing system

Siraiki is written in a variant of the Arabic alphabet. Very few Siraiki speakers are literate in their own language, however, although some may be able to write other languages.

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Bibliography

  • Ahsan, Wagha (1990). The Siraiki Language: Its Growth and Development. Islamabad: Dderawar Publications.
  • Gardezi, Hassan N. (1996). Siraiki Language and its poetics: An Introduction. London: Sangat Publishers.
  • Shackle, Christopher (1976). The Siraiki Language of Central Pakistan: A Reference Grammar. London: School of Oriental and African Studies.
  • Shackle, Christopher (1977). "Siariki: A Language Movement in Pakistan”. Modern Asian Studies 11 (3): 279–403.

SARAIKI: a language of Pakistan

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:23 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 2 تبصرے

The following is the entry for this language as it appeared in the 14th edition (2000).
It has been superseded by the corresponding entry in the 15th edition (2005).

SIL code: SKR

ISO 639-2: inc

Population 15,000,000 to 30,000,000 in Pakistan (1998), 9.8% of the population. Population total all countries 15,059,000 to 30,000,000.

Also spoken in:

India
Language name SARAIKI
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