Siraiki (also known as Seraiki, Multani and Western Punjabi)

ستمبر 4, 2006 کو 10:25 صبح | Posted in Uncategorized | 1 تبصرہ

Siraiki (also known as Seraiki, Multani and Western Punjabi) is a language or dialect mostly spoken in the provinces of Sindh and the Punjab in central Pakistan by about 14,000,000 people, as well as by about 20,000 people in India, and an immigrant population in the United Kingdom.

The origin word of the word Siraiki is uncertain. Proposed etymologies include it being derived from a Sindhi word meaning “north”, and from a Sanskrit word meaning “sun”.

Classification

Siraiki is part of a dialect continuum with Punjabi and Sindhi, and is considered by some to be a dialect of Punjabi.

Siraiki, Punjabi and Sindhi are members of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European family.

[edit]

Geographic distribution

Siraiki is widely spoken and understood as a second language in northern and western Sindh down to the suburbs of Karachi and in the Kachhi plain of Balochistan. It is also known as Derawali in Derajat area.

[edit]

Phonology

[edit]

Vowels

Siraiki has three short vowels, seven long vowels and six nasal vowels.

[edit]

Consonants

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop Voiceless p pʰ   t̪ t̪ʰ t tʰ     k kʰ ʔ
Voiced b bʰ   d̪ d̪ʰ d dʰ     ɡ ɡʰ  
Affricate Voiceless           tʃ tʃʰ    
Voiced           dʒ dʒʰ    
Implosive ɓ     ɗ   ʄ ɠ  
Nasal m mʰ     n nʰ ɳ ɲ ŋ  
Fricative Voiceless   f   s   ʃ x h
Voiced   v   z   ʒ ɣ  
Trill       r rʰ        
Flap         ɽ ɽʰ      
Lateral       l lʰ        
Semivowel           j    

[edit]

Writing system

Siraiki is written in a variant of the Arabic alphabet. Very few Siraiki speakers are literate in their own language, however, although some may be able to write other languages.

[edit]

Bibliography

  • Ahsan, Wagha (1990). The Siraiki Language: Its Growth and Development. Islamabad: Dderawar Publications.
  • Gardezi, Hassan N. (1996). Siraiki Language and its poetics: An Introduction. London: Sangat Publishers.
  • Shackle, Christopher (1976). The Siraiki Language of Central Pakistan: A Reference Grammar. London: School of Oriental and African Studies.
  • Shackle, Christopher (1977). “Siariki: A Language Movement in Pakistan”. Modern Asian Studies 11 (3): 279–403.

1 تبصرہ »

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

  1. Siraiki is now only Siraiki .It is not Multani or western Punjabi now.Your attempt is nice .Informations about Siraiki are not sufficient .Now there is a lot of work about Siraiki language and literature .Now two departments of Siraiki are working in universities.Please submit uptodate information


جواب دیں

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

آپ اپنے WordPress.com اکاؤنٹ کے ذریعے تبصرہ کر رہے ہیں۔ Log Out / تبدیل کریں )

Twitter picture

آپ اپنے Twitter اکاؤنٹ کے ذریعے تبصرہ کر رہے ہیں۔ Log Out / تبدیل کریں )

Facebook photo

آپ اپنے Facebook اکاؤنٹ کے ذریعے تبصرہ کر رہے ہیں۔ Log Out / تبدیل کریں )

Google+ photo

آپ اپنے Google+ اکاؤنٹ کے ذریعے تبصرہ کر رہے ہیں۔ Log Out / تبدیل کریں )

Connecting to %s

Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com.
Entries and تبصرے feeds.

%d bloggers like this: