Siraiki (also known as Seraiki, Multani and Western Punjabi)

ستمبر 4, 2006 وقت 10:25 صبح | Uncategorized میں پوسٹ کردہ | 1 تبصرہ

Siraiki (also known as Seraiki, Multani and Western Punjabi) is a language or dialect mostly spoken in the provinces of Sindh and the Punjab in central Pakistan by about 14,000,000 people, as well as by about 20,000 people in India, and an immigrant population in the United Kingdom.

The origin word of the word Siraiki is uncertain. Proposed etymologies include it being derived from a Sindhi word meaning "north”, and from a Sanskrit word meaning "sun”.


Siraiki is part of a dialect continuum with Punjabi and Sindhi, and is considered by some to be a dialect of Punjabi.

Siraiki, Punjabi and Sindhi are members of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European family.


Geographic distribution

Siraiki is widely spoken and understood as a second language in northern and western Sindh down to the suburbs of Karachi and in the Kachhi plain of Balochistan. It is also known as Derawali in Derajat area.





Siraiki has three short vowels, seven long vowels and six nasal vowels.



Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop Voiceless p pʰ   t̪ t̪ʰ t tʰ     k kʰ ʔ
Voiced b bʰ   d̪ d̪ʰ d dʰ     ɡ ɡʰ  
Affricate Voiceless           tʃ tʃʰ    
Voiced           dʒ dʒʰ    
Implosive ɓ     ɗ   ʄ ɠ  
Nasal m mʰ     n nʰ ɳ ɲ ŋ  
Fricative Voiceless   f   s   ʃ x h
Voiced   v   z   ʒ ɣ  
Trill       r rʰ        
Flap         ɽ ɽʰ      
Lateral       l lʰ        
Semivowel           j    


Writing system

Siraiki is written in a variant of the Arabic alphabet. Very few Siraiki speakers are literate in their own language, however, although some may be able to write other languages.



  • Ahsan, Wagha (1990). The Siraiki Language: Its Growth and Development. Islamabad: Dderawar Publications.
  • Gardezi, Hassan N. (1996). Siraiki Language and its poetics: An Introduction. London: Sangat Publishers.
  • Shackle, Christopher (1976). The Siraiki Language of Central Pakistan: A Reference Grammar. London: School of Oriental and African Studies.
  • Shackle, Christopher (1977). "Siariki: A Language Movement in Pakistan”. Modern Asian Studies 11 (3): 279–403.

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  1. Siraiki is now only Siraiki .It is not Multani or western Punjabi now.Your attempt is nice .Informations about Siraiki are not sufficient .Now there is a lot of work about Siraiki language and literature .Now two departments of Siraiki are working in universities.Please submit uptodate information

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